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U.S. Attorney Announces Extradition Of Kenyan National For Large-Scale Trafficking Of Rhinoceros Horns And Elephant Ivory And Heroin Distribution

by Kudzai Chinoda -

U.S. Attorney Announces Extradition Of Kenyan National For Large-Scale Trafficking Of Rhinoceros Horns And Elephant Ivory And Heroin Distribution

Indictment Alleges Conspiracy to Smuggle at Least 190 Kilograms of Rhinoceros Horns and at Least 10 Tons of Elephant Ivory Valued at More Than $7 Million

Audrey Strauss, the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, announced today that MANSUR MOHAMED SURUR, a/k/a “Mansour,” a Kenyan citizen, was extradited from Kenya and arrived in the United States this morning.  SURUR was arrested by Kenyan authorities on July 29, 2020, in Mombasa, Kenya, on charges of conspiracy to traffic in rhinoceros horns and elephant ivory, both endangered wildlife species, which involved the illegal poaching of more than approximately 35 rhinoceros and more than 100 elephants.  In addition, SURUR was charged with conspiracy to commit money laundering and conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute more than 10 kilograms of heroin.  SURUR’s co-defendant, Moazu Kromah, a/k/a “Ayoub,” a/k/a “Ayuba,” a/k/a “Kampala Man,” a citizen of Liberia, was previously deported to the United States from Uganda on June 13, 2019.  Co-defendant Amara Cherif, a/k/a “Bamba Issiaka,” a citizen of Guinea, was extradited to the United States from Senegal on April 3, 2020.  Co-defendant Abdi Hussein Ahmed, a/k/a “Abu Khadi,” a citizen of Kenya, remains a fugitive.  SURUR is expected to be arraigned later today before U.S.  Magistrate Judge Debra Freeman.  The case has been assigned to U.S. District Judge Gregory H. Woods.

Manhattan U.S. Attorney Audrey Strauss said:  “Mansur Mohamed Surur is alleged to be a member of an international conspiracy to traffic in rhino horns, elephant ivory, and heroin.  The enterprise is allegedly responsible for the illegal slaughter of dozens of rhinos and more than 100 elephants, both endangered species.  The excellent work of the Fish and Wildlife Service and the DEA has put an end to this operation.”                

According to allegations in the Indictment[1]:

Kromah, Cherif, SURUR, and Ahmed were members of a transnational criminal enterprise (the “Enterprise”) based in Uganda and surrounding countries that was engaged in the large-scale trafficking and smuggling of rhinoceros horns and elephant ivory, both protected wildlife species.  Trade involving endangered or threatened species violates several U.S. laws, as well as international treaties implemented by certain U.S. laws.

From at least in or about December 2012 through at least in or about May 2019, Kromah, Cherif, SURUR, and Ahmed conspired to transport, distribute, sell, and smuggle at least approximately 190 kilograms of rhinoceros horns and at least approximately 10 tons of elephant ivory from or involving various countries in East Africa, including Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Senegal, and Tanzania, to buyers located in the United States and countries in Southeast Asia.  Such weights of rhinoceros horn and elephant ivory are estimated to have involved the illegal poaching of more than approximately 35 rhinoceros and more than approximately 100 elephants.  In total, the estimated average retail value of the rhinoceros horn involved in the conspiracy was at least approximately $3.4 million, and the estimated average retail value of the elephant ivory involved in the conspiracy was at least approximately $4 million.

The defendants exported and agreed to export the rhinoceros horns and elephant ivory for delivery to foreign buyers, including those represented to be in Manhattan, in packaging that concealed the rhinoceros horns and elephant ivory in, among other things, pieces of art such as African masks and statues.  The defendants received and deposited payments from foreign customers that were sent in the form of international wire transfers, some which were sent through U.S. financial institutions.

On a number of occasions, Kromah, SURUR, and Ahmed met with a confidential source (“CS-1”), both together and separately, concerning potential purchases of elephant ivory and rhinoceros horn.  During these meetings and at other times via phone calls and electronic messages, CS-1 discussed with Kromah, SURUR, and Ahmed, in substance and in part, the terms of such sales, including the price, weight, or size of the rhinoceros horns, as well as payment, destination, and delivery options.  CS-1 also discussed with Cherif via phone calls and electronic messages, in substance and in part, the terms of the sales, as well as how to send payment for rhinoceros horns from a United States bank account located in New York, New York.  On or about March 16, 2018, law enforcement agents intercepted a package containing a black rhinoceros horn sold by the defendants to CS-1 that was intended for a buyer represented to be in New York, New York.  From in or about March 2018 through in or about May 2018, the defendants offered to sell CS-1 additional rhinoceros horns of varying weights, including horns weighing up to approximately seven kilograms.  On or about July 17, 2018, law enforcement agents intercepted a package containing two rhinoceros horns sold by the defendants to CS-1 that were intended for a buyer represented to be in New York, New York. 

Separately, from at least in or about August 2018 through at least in or about May 2019, SURUR and Ahmed conspired to distribute and possess with intent to distribute more than approximately 10 kilograms of heroin to a buyer represented to be located in New York. 

                                                            *                      *                      *

SURUR, 60, is charged with one count of conspiracy to commit wildlife trafficking and two counts of wildlife trafficking, which each carry a maximum sentence of five years; one count of conspiracy to commit money laundering, which carries a maximum sentence of 20 years; and one count of conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute one kilogram or more of heroin, which carries a maximum sentence of life imprisonment and a mandatory minimum sentence of 10 years in prison.  The maximum potential sentences are prescribed by Congress and are provided here for informational purposes only, as any sentencing of the defendant will be determined by the judge.

Ms. Strauss praised the outstanding investigative work of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.  In addition, she thanked law enforcement authorities and conservation partners in Uganda as well as the Kenyan Directorate of Criminal Investigations and the Kenyan Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions for their assistance in the investigation.  Ms. Strauss also thanked the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of International Affairs for their assistance, and noted that the investigation is continuing.

The prosecution of this case is being handled by the Office’s Complex Frauds and Cybercrime Unit.  Assistant United States Attorneys Sagar K. Ravi and Jarrod L. Schaeffer are in charge of the prosecution.

The charges contained in the Indictment are merely accusations.  The defendants are presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty.


[1] As the introductory phrase signifies, the entirety of the text of the Indictment and its description set forth below constitute only allegations, and every fact described should be treated as an allegation.

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D&M Rail boss granted N$15 000 bail

by Kudzai Chinoda -

D&M Rail boss granted N$15 000 bail

News - National | 2021-01-13

by Shelleygan Petersen

DAVID 'Dawie' Moller and his co-accused in a money-laundering case were yesterday granted bail in the amount of N$15 000.

Magistrate Eden Iyambo also postponed the managing director of D&M Rail Construction and his co-accused's case to 28 April in the Gobabis Regional Court.

The railway company is co-owned by James Hatuikulipi, one of the accused in the Fishrot corruption scandal.

Moller and Hendrick Rooi are accused of money laundering, the failure to declare funds, being found in possession of unexplained funds, theft and the possession of suspected stolen property.

Both Moller and Rooi were released on bail on condition that they hand their passports over to the police and do not interfere with witnesses.

The state and defence lawyers agreed on the bail amount and conditions.

The accused were represented by Christian Nambahu, while Faith Nyaungwa prosecuted.

Moller and Rooi were arrested and appeared in court on 5 January where their case was initially set for 18 January.

Sources said Moller's arrest could be linked to Fishrot property transactions by Hatuikulipi and former justice minister Sacky Shanghala, involving a farm in the Omaheke region, among others.

It could, however, not be established whether Moller and Rooi's arrests were linked to the Fishrot corruption case.

The railway construction company last Wednesday said their firm is not linked to money-laundering charges against its managing director.

D&M Rail defended Moller, saying: “D&M Rail has always conducted its business with honesty, credibility and professionalism under the leadership of Mr Dawie Moller, and remain steadfast in our belief that he will be exonerated of all charges – which to our understanding are not linked in any way to the operations of the D&M Rail – against him in due course.”

Moller has been in charge of D&M Rail Construction, a politically connected company, that has for years won questionable multimillion-dollar rail deals at TransNamib and the Ministry of Works and Transport, including a controversial state railway maintenance contract that cost taxpayers N$100 million a year.

Hatuikulipi is one of the alleged masterminds of the multibillion-dollar Fishrot corruption scandal and is currently in custody awaiting trial with five other accused, including former minister of fisheries and marine resources Bernhard Esau, and ex-minister of justice Sacky Shanghala.

Moller last year insisted that his dealings with Hatuikulipi were clean.

The two have been business partners for years.

 Read More: D&M Rail boss granted N$15 000 bail - The NamibianD&M Rail boss granted N$15 000 bail - The Namibian

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OR Tambo bust: gold bars worth R61m seized, 3 arrested

by Kudzai Chinoda -

OR Tambo bust: gold bars worth R61m seized, 3 arrested


By Lwandile Bhengu

  • Gold bars weighing 73.5kgs were seized from three people at OR Tambo International Airport on New Year's Eve.
  • The three had flown to South Africa from Madagascar.
  • They are due in court where they face charges of dealing in precious metal and the contravention of the Customs Act.

Three people were arrested at OR Tambo International Airport after gold bars, with an estimated street value of R61 million, were found in their luggage.

National police spokesperson Colonel Athlenda Mathe said that the three were arrested on New Year's Eve after airport security alerted police that a scan of their luggage had revealed irregular objects.

"The trio had just flown into South Africa from Madagascar and were en route to Dubai via Ethiopia last week when they were apprehended. Upon questioning of the suspects and further inspection of their hand luggage, officials discovered the gold bars and some foreign currency," said Mathe.

The gold, weighing 73.5kg, was seized along with the currency under the Customs and Excise Act and the Exchange Control Regulation. 

Mathe also said that the Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation (DPCI), with the assistance of Interpol, was investigating the matter to "determine the legitimacy of the certification papers as provided by the men and also to determine the country of origin where the gold was mined".

"Investigations will also focus on which country the gold bars were destined for."

The three are expected to appear in the Kempton Park Magistrate's Court on Monday where they face charges of dealing in precious metal and contravention of the Customs Act. 

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State takes hospital official’s house

by Kelvin Mutsa Mufute -

State takes hospital official’s house

Fidelis Munyoro
Chief Court Reporter
A Ruwa house belonging to former Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals pharmacy stores controller Russell Tatenda Mwenye, who is also facing criminal corruption charges after he ordered supplies at inflated prices from a company he was connected with, has been forfeited to the State in a civil action.

The High Court found there was a probable chain of links connecting the purchase of the house to the inflated prices of the successful supplier.

Parirenyatwa Hospital reportedly lost US$500 000 and more than $600 000 after Mwenye allegedly flouted the tender procedures and offered Silksilver Investments (Pvt) Ltd the tender to supply medical sutures on many occasions. He then allegedly used the proceeds generated by these awards to build a house in Mabvazuva, Ruwa.

The house has now been forfeited to the State after the High Court granted an application for civil forfeiture brought by the Prosecutor-General Kumbira Hodzi against Mwenye and his wife Rutendo Vera. The application was made in terms of the Money Laundering and Proceeds of Crime Act. In a civil action proof is based on the balance of probabilities, a lower hurdle than the proof beyond reasonable doubt required in a criminal trial.

In granting the order for civil forfeiture, Justice Benjamin Chikowero traced Mwenye’s “hidden hand” starting with the corrupt placement of the order to procure the medical sutures from Silksilver. Mwenye’s link to the company, its decision making structure, control of its finances and the property in question became manifest once Parirenyatwa Hospitals terminated his employment. Justice Chikowero noted that Mwenye’s wife occupied the position of administration officer at Silksilver.

Flancon Investments (Pvt) Ltd had initially won the tender to supply the sutures at a cost of US$37 844 on the basis that it was the cheapest bid that met the tender specifications.

Silksilver Investments (Pvt) Ltd participated in the bidding process and lost so in the lawful course of things, PGHs should have bought the medical sutures from Flancon, which had won the tender, but this was not the case.

For reasons which Justice Chikowero said could only be attributed to corruption, Silksilver, the losing bidder, supplied the sutures at a cost which was more than double what Flancon had charged.

Parirenyatwa Hospitals paid US$86 381 for the sutures and the money was paid into Silksilver’s CABS account.

“This was public money. There exist pieces of legislation governing procurement by public entities and how public funds should be spent. Those statutes were not adhered to,” said Justice Chikowero.

He also also noted in his ruling that after Mwenye was fired after it emerged that he was the managing director of Silksilver and that he and his wife were signatories to the company’s CABS bank account into which US$486 381 was received from Parirenyatwa Hospitals.

“The asset falls within the bracket of property acquired using proceeds of corruption. Considering the quantum of the loss suffered by the public entity, I am not at all persuaded that an order of forfeiture stands disproportionate to the prejudice to be suffered by the respondents (Mwenye and his wife).”

Silksilver allegedly supplied the hospital group on 98 separate occasions and was paid US$477 801 and $621 554 in local currency.

Charges against Mwenye arose in March 2016 when Parirenyatwa Hospitals flighted a tender requesting bids for the supply and delivery of surgical sutures.

After the hospital’s tender committee carried out due processes, it awarded the tender to Flancon Investments (Pvt) Limited, the cheapest of the bidders, who quoted US$37 844.

Order forms were then reportedly raised by the procurement department and forwarded to the pharmacy department for recommendations by Mwenye before they were to be passed to the hospital’s chief pharmacist for approval.

But Mwenye allegedly did not action the papers and waited until surgical sutures stocks went critically low, creating an unnecessary emergency in the process.

Mwenye then assigned Yvonne Mudimu, a section head in the surgical and sundries department, to make a direct purchase of the sutures from Silksilver Investments for US$86 381 without going to tender.

Silksilver Investments had bid for the tender, but failed to meet the specifications required.

Allegations are that Mwenye abused his office by allowing Silksilver Investments to supply the surgical sutures without following tender procedures and prejudiced Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals of US$48 537.

A surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.

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East and Southern Africa Risk Bulletin - Issue 13

by Julian Rademeyer -

The latest edition of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organised Crime's East and Southern Africa Risk Bulletin examines gangs and politics in Kenya, gold heists in South Africa, growing markets for synthetic cannabinoids in Mauritius, Mayotte, and Comoros, among other issues.

The first story, looking at the way gangs are deployed to influence election campaigns in Kenya, investigates how organized crime can play a role in the degradation of democracy and urban governance.

In South Africa, we look at the alarming phenomenon of heists carried out at gold-smelting facilities, in which armed gangs – well equipped and seemingly with some level of military training – strategically target gold and gold-bearing material. The seemingly connected trends between gold heists, cash-in-transit heists and bank robberies may be indicative of these criminal groups adapting and shifting their key target, illustrating the adaptability of organised crime groups to respond to new developments and situations.

Our investigation of the rapidly growing market in synthetic cannabinoids (types of new psychoactive substances) in Mauritius, Mayotte and Comoros likewise illustrates the adaptability of organised crime groups and illicit markets. This nascent drug market had significant public-health impacts, and presents very different challenges to law enforcement than longer-standing markets in the islands such as the heroin trade.

We then turn from drugs markets and urban governance to governance of the seas. The introduction of private maritime security companies in  the Western Indian Ocean, originally as a response to Somali piracy, fundamentally shifted the role of private military operations at sea. We look at how this market has developed, including allegations of poor safety standards and insufficient regulation of some operators. This story illustrates the long-lasting impacts which responses to organised crime can have on security dynamics and other sectors of the economy.



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The Politics of Crime - Kenya's gang phenomenon

by Julian Rademeyer -

Political protection and patronage in Kenya have allowed gangs to flourish – and undermine the state's responses to the problem. This is one of the defining characteristics of Kenya’s gang world.

The Politics of Crime, a new report for the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime by Simone Haysom and Ken Opala, traces the evolution of this criminal economy from the colonial-era through the transition to democracy, the effects of structural adjustment policies, and the formal and informal privatization of urban services as cities grew rapidly.

Urban growth, political patronage of gangs, and the criminalization of urban municipal services are inextricably linked in many instances. This has created lucrative profit-making opportunities for gangs and other criminal groups in areas characterized by high unemployment, especially among the youth. Certain criminal gangs have become wealthy by providing informal services or taxing residents for transport, waste removal, electricity and water provision. As a result, they have become deeply embedded in the everyday lives of citizens in Nairobi and Mombasa.

The Politics of Crime traces the evolution of this criminal economy from the colonial-era through the transition to democracy, the effects of structural adjustment policies, and the formal and informal privatization of urban services as cities grew rapidly.

For more information, visit

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From the UK’s first Deferred Prosecution Agreement to a plea bargain in Tanzania

by Kudzai Chinoda -

From the UK’s first Deferred Prosecution Agreement to a plea bargain in Tanzania

The first Deferred Prosecution Agreement (DPA) of the United Kingdom Serious Fraud Office (SFO), secured on 30 November 2015 at the Royal Courts of Justice, London, has on 26 August 2020 given rise to a plea bargain settlement in Tanzania. As announced by Tanzania’s National Prosecutions Service (NPS), this nets the Tanzanian authorities TZS 1.5 billion (approx. USD 650,000 or GBP 500,000).

Standard Bank PLC (now ICBC Standard Bank PLC) was the subject of an SFO investigation leading to an indictment alleging failure to prevent bribery contrary to section 7 of the UK’s Bribery Act 2010. This represented the first significant use of this section of the Act and led to the first DPA entered into by the SFO.

As a result, the criminal proceedings were immediately suspended, Standard Bank was fined a total of USD 25.2 million, and required to pay the Government of Tanzania a further USD 7 million in compensation. In addition, Standard Bank was bound to cooperate fully with the SFO in its ongoing enquiries and make available material to support the domestic investigation in Tanzania.

From London to Dar es Salaam – making international cooperation work

The investigation in Tanzania, led by the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB), related to a USD 6 million payment made in March 2013 by a former sister company of Standard Bank (Stanbic Bank Tanzania) to a local partner (Enterprise Growth Market Advisors – EGMA). The payment was suspected to be intended to induce Tanzanian public officials to show favour to Stanbic Bank Tanzania and Standard Bank’s proposal for a USD 600 million private placement to be carried out on behalf of the Government.

The PCCB investigation in 2016 led to the arrest of former Tanzania Revenue Authority Director General, Harry Msamire Kitilya; Stanbic Bank’s former Head of Investment Banking, Shose Mori Sinare and former Chief Legal Counsel, Sioi Graham Solomon; and two Ministry of Finance officials, Bedason Anthony Shallanda and Alfred Paul Misana.

Between 2016 and August 2020, this case consumed a significant amount of time and effort of the PCCB and the NPS. During the early days, the investigation focused on material held in Tanzania. However, quickly it became clear that the material held abroad was equally essential. A combination of UK and international partners, including the International Centre for Asset Recovery (ICAR) at the Basel Institute on Governance, came together to support the PCCB and NPS. A large number of witnesses were interviewed and significant volumes of material were shared from the UK and South Africa.

This cross-border sharing of material and evidence was challenging due to their sheer volume but also cross-border legal differences. In the SFO, the PCCB and NPS found a willing partner to tackle these challenges. With the help of the UK Criminal Justice Advisor in Tanzania, the mutual legal assistance process with the UK was actioned. The PCCB also partnered with the Basel Institute to secure evidence from South Africa and to collate the significant electronic material from the UK for use during the trial.

The like-mindedness of all partners involved created a perfect environment for swift and pragmatic problem solving, testing new ideas and investigation methods, and building a closer rapport with fellow law enforcement officers and prosecutors. A series of firsts and positive results meant that the case was ready for trial in 2019. However, only part way through the hearings when the global covid-19 pandemic hit, the trial faced many adjournments during the early part of 2020. In the meantime, in September 2019, Tanzanian legislation was amended to permit plea bargain agreements.

The combination of these facts resulted in the negotiation of a plea bargain under which, on 26 August 2020, the defendants pleaded guilty to 1 out of 58 charges of occasioning economic loss to the Government, were ordered to jointly issue a payment of TZS 1.5 billion and were fined a further TZS 1 million each.   

Is this a good result?

If we focus strictly on the principal sum involved – a settlement for approximately one tenth of the sum (TSZ 12 billion) which was fraudulently obtained – it sounds like a small prize. But this needs to be seen in a wider context and in light of other positives to be drawn from the process.

First, we must understand that the loss suffered by the Government had already been compensated by Standard Bank. Second, the defendants had already been held in custody in Tanzania for a period of over four years at the point of the plea. Third, the financial enquiries made did not identify realisable assets of any great value in relation to the defendants who were arrested.

Finally, in the current court timeline, the prosecution would have needed to continue to call evidence well into the next 18 months, with the defence case to follow. Further covid-19 related delays could be expected with respect to securing witness testimony, all together causing significant costs to the Tanzanian judicial system. And we should not forget that irrespective of the confidence in the evidence leading to prosecute, a conviction is never guaranteed until the court passes its final judgement.

Beyond that, from a practitioner’s perspective, another positive take-away has been the opportunity for five separate entities, from Tanzania and abroad, to come together successfully for a common goal. This multi-agency effort and learning process was key to allow the investigation to be completed, secure all necessary evidence, charge and ultimately bring the matter to trial. It is clear that the collective weight of the domestic and international evidence was a factor the defendants considered when entering a plea mid-trial. Whilst not envisaged at the start, a resolution that is agreeable to all parties, taking into account all factors, must be considered in a positive light.

Finally, the result sends an important message amongst the Tanzanian and international community – stating clearly that the PCCB and the NPS are working together, and that Tanzania can count on its international partners to jointly ensure that international borders do not present a barrier to Tanzania’s fight against corruption.

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Trade Based Money Laundering Webinar

by Kudzai Chinoda -

Trade Based Money Laundering Webinar

Poster on Trade based Money laundering


During the COVID pandemic, several governments in the Southern African region introduced lockdown measures. To take advantage of the work from home modalities and travel restrictions that had been put in place, in May 2020 UNODC Southern Africa, started engaging the ARINSA family to take online money laundering courses. As a result UNODC has been running several e-learning courses via the ARINSA website and this will likely continue into the foreseeable future. During each month focus was given to specific topics. The focus for the month of May was “Introduction to Money Laundering”. In the month of July, the focus was on “Financial Investigations: Search and Seizures”. During the month of August, the focus was on “prosecuting money laundering and asset forfeiture cases”. The month of September has been reserved for the judiciary.

In addition to these courses and based on the priorities set by the ARINSA countries, UNODC will run a Trade-Based Money Laundering e-Training from 19- 20 October 2020. 

The e-training is intended to be undertaken by judges and magistrates, staff members of the FIU, customs, police, tax/revenue administrators, and other law enforcement authorities responsible for money laundering investigations.   It comprises of six (6) sessions that are covered in a two and a half day live webinar.


The objectives and the agenda of the webinar are outlined  in the table on the following pages. 

UNODC kindly requests all contact points, heads of departments and colleagues to spread this message to all relevant stakeholders within the asset forfeiture space to avail themselves to take this course.

We hope that you will enrol and be able to enjoy, and benefit from this course.




ARINSA Platform – Live Webinars (no recording will be available)

Invitation link will be sent to the registered participants



   Monday 12th October


Monday 19th October 2020 09:00 – 12:30 AM SAST

Tuesday 20th October 2020 09:00 – 12:30 AM SAST


Day 1: 180 min, 3 sessions with two 10-minute breaks
Day 2: 180 min, 3 sessions with two 10-minute breaks


The webinar will be held in ENGLISH.
No simultaneous interpretation will be provided.


Participants from competent authorities will raise their awareness about: 

o   TBML as one of the most complicated money laundering typologies;

o   most common TBML techniques;

o   commonalities & difference between TBML and customs crimes;

o   counterparts in TBML investigations within the public and private sectors;

o   value of a financial investigation for the identification of previously unknown facts, persons and entities;

o   TBML techniques for non-ML purposes.

The webinar features interaction with participants through chat, quizzes, feedback forms, and live questions. The webinar provides the main concepts of TBML.


Day 1

09:00 – 10:00

Session 1. Introduction into money laundering

In this session, participants will learn and understand the elements of a money-laundering offence and, among others, the concept of a predicate offence. This understanding is essential for the ability of law enforcement and criminal justice authorities to go beyond primary criminal act charges, and, by applying widest possible prosecution toolset, go after the proceeds of crime.

10:00 – 10:10


10:10 – 11:10

Session 2. Financial investigations

In this session, participants will learn the value of the "follow the money" approach. Financial investigations are instrumental for the purposes of:

       i.            identifying the extent of criminal networks;

       ii.           tracing the proceeds of crime or any other assets that are, or may become, subject to confiscation;

      iii.            and developing evidence which can be used in criminal proceedings.


11:10 – 11:20


11:20 – 12:30

Session 3. Basic TBML techniques

In this session, participants will familiarise themselves with the most common techniques used to launder money through trade. Participants will also learn what are the differences between TBML and customs crimes.

   Day 2

09:00 – 10:00

Session 4. National cooperation

TBML schemes exploit vulnerabilities of both trade and financial systems. Hence, effective detection of TBML requires the use of both financial and trade data. This data, however, is usually collected, stored and processed by different authorities, which might not always have mechanisms or will to exchange information between themselves. In this session, participants will learn about effective cooperation and exchange of information mechanisms at a national level for TBML investigation purposes.

10:00 – 10:10


10:10 – 11:10

Session 5. International cooperation

Since TBML schemes seek to explore and abuse vulnerabilities of the international trade system, the absence of effective international cooperation, particularly related to the exchange of information between FIUs and Customs. In this session, participants will learn about the primary tools for international cooperation available to various competent authorities, and how to effectively use them for TBML investigations.

11:10 – 11:20


11:20 – 12:30

Session 6. TBML techniques for non-ML purposes

Techniques used for laundering money through trade may be used for other purposes than TBML. In this session, participants will learn for what other purposes perpetrators may resort to the techniques indicative of TBML, and how to differentiate those from TBML.


The webinar is particularly recommended for the following competent authorities:

o   FIU (analysis)

o   Customs (risk analysis and post-audit)

o   Police (criminal and financial investigations)

o   Public prosecutors

o   Tax/Revenue administrations (tax analysis and tax auditors)

o   Other law enforcement authorities responsible for money laundering investigations

o   Judges (optional)

Each registered participant will receive a confirmation email with instructions on how to connect to the webinar and its rules of engagement. Upon successful completion of the webinar and the final quiz, a participant will receive a digital certificate.


In order to register for this e-learning course participants need to be a part of the ARINSA website platform. ARINSA website membership application forms can be obtained from Upon completion, forms must be scanned and sent to Yeukai and copying, for registration. Kindly note that only typed or clearly hand-written (in CAPITAL LETTERS) forms are accepted. Please send an email to the above addresses in case of any challenges registering to the platform. Please Note that: Yahoo email addresses are blocking emails from our system therefore we encourage you to kindly use alternative email addresses.

Those who are already part of the ARINSA platform but have forgotten login credentials should send an email request clearly stated “forgotten password” to and copy

Upon receipt of the ARINSA website login credentials, Click this link to register:

OR follow to path below:

Learning - E-LEARNING REGISTRATION & ACCESS -Trade Based Money Laundering Webinar Registration

The link for the webinar will be emailed to all registered users towards to date of the webinar.



Yevheniy UMANETS – 


AML Adviser at the Global Programme against Money Laundering, Proceeds of Crime and the Financing of Terrorism (GPML)

over 12 years of professional experience in the area of anti-money laundering both nationally (Analytical Department, FIU Ukraine, and AML Policy Coordinator, Secretariat of the Government of Ukraine) and internationally (Western Union, and UNODC)

over 7 years of practical experience in implementing national and regional capacity-building programmes across Central Asia, Caucasus, West Africa, Eastern Europe, Western Balkans, Central America and the Caribbean;

4 years at diplomatic service.


Text Box:former Brazilian prosecutor with over 15 years of experience in anti-money-laundering, asset recovery and anti-corruption areas at the national and international levels;

engagement with various international organisation such as UN, World Bank, StAR initiative, Council of Europe, OECD, OSCE;

assisted numerous jurisdictions in different regions of the globe in devising their investigative and prosecutorial strategies in relation to real cases, with a view to raising the efficiency of the investigations and prosecutions;

a seasoned trainer for law enforcement and prosecutorial authorities in matters ranging from the asset recovery process, investigating and prosecuting corruption and money laundering, mutual legal assistance and managing seized assets. 

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Financial intelligence flagged Fishrot deals worth N$10 billion

by Kudzai Chinoda -

Financial intelligence flagged Fishrot deals worth N$10 billion

News - National | 2020-09-09

by Shinovene Immanuel

THE director of the Financial Intelligence Centre, Leonie Dunn, on Wednesday said they flagged an amount of at least N$17 billion suspected to be the proceeds of crime.

Of this amount, deals worth N$10 billion are linked to the Fishrot scandal.

Dunn announced this during the FIC's annual report presentation.

“A total value of potential proceeds of crime amounting to N$17 billion is now subject to investigations by law-enforcement authorities and other identified competent authorities,” she said.

Dunn said the FIC contributed to 84 investigations conducted by the Namibian Police and the Anti-Corruption Commission.

“The top five underlying predicate offences investigated include fraud, corruption, poaching, dealing in drugs, illegal deposit taking/pyramid schemes and money laundering,” she said.

The FIC said investigations by these law-enforcement agencies with assistance of the Office of the Prosecutor General secured 15 money-laundering convictions, and criminal sanctions applied.

“Furthermore, there are 50 other cases with elements of money-laundering offences currently pending before various courts,” she said.

Several of the Namibians involved in the scandal have been arrested, including former fisheries minister Bernhard Esau, his son-in-law Tamson “Fitty” Hatuikulipi, former Justice Minister Sacky Shanghala, and Mike Nghipunya, the suspended head of Fishcor.

Two top managers of a Namibian branch of the South African investment fund Investec (now Ninety One) have also been arrested for their alleged involvement in their scheme: James Hatuikulipi, the firm's managing director for asset management (and Tamson Hatuikulipi's cousin), and the firm's former head of client management, Ricardo Gustavo.


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