Cybercrime Training for Prosecutors and Investigators
Electronic evidence is often
thrown out of the courts by the judiciary due to lack of permissibility and
attribution (the linking of a digital action to a person), yet on average an
internet user leaves a footprint in at least 30 places on devices, networks and
the internet” the workshop was told. Anecdotal evidence suggests that damage
caused by cybercrime worldwide is getting to 6 trillion a year. Most companies are affected by cybercrime
yearly, but they do not report to authorities for fear of reputational damage.
15 ARINSA countries attended this
cybercrime workshop which was held in Windhoek, Namibia from 18 – 20 February
2019. The countries included, Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi,
Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania,
Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. 34 participants (14 female) represented their
countries’ cybercrime investigation divisions.
Despite the advances in technology, the cybercrime legislation has not
been updated in line with these advancements. In addition to that, only half of
the countries in attendance indicated that they had cybercrime legislation.
‘ABCs for investigating cybercrime - Assume nothing – Believe
nobody – Check everything’ was the
theme echoed throughout the workshop as participants dealt with different case
scenarios presented to them for group work and discussions.
Participants gained various skills
ranging from management to operations when dealing with cybercrime. Some of the
skills learnt were on how to browse the internet safely using tools such as
password keepers, Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) and many other various free
online network tools which assist in reducing the digital shadow (i.e. the
digital footprint left on the internet that you will never get to know of and
Over the course of the three days
participants who were mostly managers in their divisions, looked at various
topics which included:
Introduction to cybercrime
How we communicate digitally
Cybercrime investigation techniques (cybercrime
Open source investigations
Covert Online Investigations
Cybercrime Investigation team and resources
Managing risk in Cybercrime Investigations
Some recommendation which came out
of the workshop included that;
The participants from the workshop should form
an informal WhatsApp group for sharing and exchanging Cybercrime information
The managers must come up with policy documents in
the country, on investigation of cyber crime
Upon arrival in country, the managers are
supposed to identify suitable candidates who are to undergo a
train-the-trainers course to be held later in the year.
Countries who are Drafting legislation on cybercrime
should make use of existing legislation from other countries that already have.
Below is the link to the materials
that came out of the workshop.